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Diary of an Explorer at the Tugen Hills…

Day 2: Tour around Mt. Morop and Boundary Marking

Woke up early to a chilly morning, a sharp body sensation triggered by the cold morning air was very refreshing. To further uplift my spirit was the beautiful sounds of nature as I heard the different bird species chirping away, while at that precise moment I could also hear Bakari in the background naming the different birds that he could hear. What an awesome start to the day. We were out and about by 8 a.m, knowing that we had a long day ahead of us. Our first mission was to meet the chief (William Komen) and chairman of Morop (Paul Kisenger).  Ester directed us to Morop center (basically the main part of Morop: where the main stores, chief’s office, schools and other facilities are situated). Mathew joined us as we patiently waited to meet the chief. The wait didn’t seem long as we drooled over the amazing view of Mt. Morop and also engaged in conversation as Mathew and Ester educated us about the area. We finally met the chief and some community members, who were extremely welcoming, friendly and supportive of our mission. We spent a few minutes introducing ourselves and explaining the objective of our expedition. Immediately after, we began our task for the day, which involved marking the boundary of morop/tarambas conservancy using GPS mapping, while collecting a few plants samples.

Chief (Far left in blue), community members (far left and Far right) plus the team

Chief(left in blue), community members(far left and right) and the team

We began by recording the coordinates of a school (Kapkomoi Primary school), a catholic church and a dispensary (Kapkomoi dispensary), all of which are situated within the vicinity of Morop Center. Mathew and Ester showed us the boundary routes around Mt.Morop and Tarambas in order to map the boundary of the conservancy. Our first boundary mark was taken at the center near the chief’s office, followed by the water tank. We drove to our next point called Kasore, from there we started a thrilling downhill trek around the conservancy marking waypoints at viable spots along the track, while also picking some plant samples, I could see the excitement in Bakaris’ eyes. The walk around the conservancy was awesome I didn’t quiet realize just how long it took to finish marking the boundary but  it took approximately more than 3hours  mainly because we took short breaks to appreciate the landscape. The route was narrow, rocky and steep but clearly shows that it is used frequently.

The best site throughout the trek was standing on top a rocky cliff enclosed by two huge hills with a cave beneath the rocks. This was utilized as a hiding spot for the men during the war and community clashes. Mt. Morop is best seen from a distance as it bears a resemblance to an elephant head. Hence, the location of rocky cliff is referred to as the tail of Morop, meaning the end of Morop and it is used as a baseline to indicate the endpoint of the conservancy at the side of Morop. It’s difficult to imagine just how it may look but once you are on the ground it’s easier to understand and visualize the boundary, this is another reason why one should visit the area and experience the beauty of the trans rift trail.

One thing that was very disheartening was the walk passed a quarry right after the boundary edge, it just killed the view and the level damage caused was heartbreaking. This is one of the reasons why Morop was given the status of a conservancy, to avoid ecosystem destruction through quarrying by private land owners. We walked passed another quarry where our vehicle was waiting for us, from there we drove passed a place called Kibarmei, Kapkoimet and into the Marigat tarmac main road. We drove further on to Sesya (beginning point of tarambas conservancy) all the way back to Kitura (end point of tarambas and also the junction to Morop) and that was the end of our fulfilled mission for the day……

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The objectives of marking the boundary of the conservancy to know exactly how large it is, to discover a great trekking route around the mountain and also to identify an approximation as to were exactly the boundary line is set. The act of trekking together as team relaxed and opened a good communication pathway between us and the guides, it was a great experience.

Our first plant sample of the day was poison arrow….

Mathew holding Poison Arrow, he looks scared :P

Mathew holding Poison Arrow, he looks scared 😛

Acokanthera schimperi

Common name: Poison arrow tree/common poison bush

Local Tugen: Kelwon

Family: Apocynaceae

Synonyms: Acokanthera oppositifolia

Carissa schimperi

Acokanthera ouabaio


A round evergreen small tree or shrub with dense crown growing up to 10meters in height. Bark is dark brown.

Leaves: opposite and shiny, dark glossy green above and paler and dull below.

Flowers: white with pink tubes, fragrant, in dense clusters.

Fruits: Red to purple, often with bloom.

Natural Distribution

Widespread in East Africa from Eritrea south to Tanzania and west to Uganda, Rwanda and eastern DR Congo, south to Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland and north-eastern South Africa. It is also found in Yemen. In Kenya – for example – at Muumandu (Machakos), Ongata-Rongai, Oloosaiyeti hill (Kajiado), Rumuruti (Laikipia), Loita, and Chepelion (north Baringo).

Grows in Kenya in bushland on rocky hillsides, especially on red or black rocky soils, also grows on black cotton soil; common in dry highland forests, thickets and bushed grasslands, at 1100-2400m altitude and with 600-1000mm annual rainfall. It is drought resistant and has a moderate growth rate. The seeds are dispersed by animals and flowers are pollinated by bees.


NB: very poisonous, only the ripe fruit are edible (I would hate to try it). The fruits are sweet with a slight bitter taste. Otherwise the whole plant is poisonous. The root, bark, twigs and leaves serve in the preparation of arrow poison and also used for suicide and homicide. It is also used a medicinal plant in some communities, externally to treat skin problems, and internally the pounded root is drunk in small quantities to treat venereal diseases, and also as an aphrodisiac. Unripe fruits have caused accidental poisoning as they are highly toxic and birds have been known to drop dead on sucking nectar form the flowers. The only treatment against the poison is immediate excision of the flesh around the wound, or sucking the blood from the wound.